The equation below is the basic equation for the chi square test.
Use the Chi square Webulator to enter your data and compute the Chi-square observed score.
The computed score is referred to as
the chi-square observed. After computing the chi-square for the observed scores
we next determine the chi-square critical score which represents the chi-square for
the expected population.
The computation of the degrees of freedom is:
The chi-square critical score for a three by three
frequency table is determined by computing the degrees of freedom for our response set.
degrees of freedom = (number of rows - 1) x (number of columns -1)
degrees of freedom = (3-1) x (3-1)
degrees of freedom = (2) x (2)
degrees of freedom = 4
and the "chi-square critical value for degrees of freedom of "4 at p<0.05 = 9.49
Our null hypothesis in this scenario is that there is no association between the row and column variables.
If the "chi-square observed value is the "chi-square critical value of 9.49 then we would reject the null hypothesis and state that there is an association between the row and column variables. However, if the "chi-square observed value is the "chi-square critical value of 9.49, we would ACCEPT the null hypothesis and state that the distributions ARE EQUAL.
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For more information, please contact:
Professor William J. Montelpare, Ph.D.,
Margaret and Wallace McCain Chair in Human Development and Health,
Department of Applied Human Sciences, Faculty of Science,
Health Sciences Building, University of Prince Edward Island,
550 Charlottetown, PE, Canada, C1A 4P3
(o) 902 620 5186
Visiting Professor, School of Healthcare, University of Leeds,
Leeds, UK, LS2 9JT
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